Fact Sheet: Clean Air Act Title V Permits
The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments Title V established a federal operating permit system administered by the states. Title V permits are designed to gather all existing, federally enforceable laws and regulations into one permit. Federally enforceable laws include all EPA regulations and any state and local regulations approved by the EPA. The State Implementation Plan (SIP) embodies all EPA-approved state regulations. A state regulation is not part of the SIP and not federally enforceable until it is submitted to and approved by the EPA. EPA approval allows enforcement by federal agencies and by citizens under the Clean Air Act.
View Clean Air Act Title V Permits
Fact Sheet: NATURAL GAS EXPORT
The international market for natural gas is driving the construction of new
interstate pipelines in the USA.
In the United States, the major end uses of
natural gas are electric power generation, industrial process, residential
and commercial buildings.
View Natural Gas Export Fact Sheet
Fact Sheet: NATURAL GAS PIPELINE - PROPERTY VALUE DEVALUATION
Property values plunged on parcels whose owners sought relief through the Atlantic Coast
Pipeline reassessment hearing process, according to a property records search conducted in
Highland and Nelson Counties by the Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League.
construction of the proposed pipeline and resultant losses in property value are devastating for
directly affected landowners. Pipelines drive down property values substantially, limiting
landowner`s use of their properties and leading to an increased real estate tax rate for every
View Natural Gas Pipeline - Property Values Fact Sheet
Fact Sheet: SMALL NUCLEAR REACTORS
Clinch River Nuclear Site is located in Roane County, Tennessee, about 25 miles from
Knoxville. In 2016 Tennessee Valley Authority submitted an application asking for approval of its
Clinch River site near Oak Ridge National Laboratory. They want early permission in order to
place so-called small modular reactors (SMRs) on the site whenever and if ever there were to
be a design for them and the licensing could be obtained, years down the road.
On April 13,
2017, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission published in the Federal Register (82 FR
17885) its intent to prepare an EIS for the Tennessee Valley Authority’s (TVA) early site permit
for the Clinch River Nuclear Site. TVA’s request identified the Clinch River site as suitable for
two or more so-called small modular reactors, experimental nuclear power plants which range
from 50 megawatts to 300 megawatts, about one-third the power of conventional nuclear power
View Small Nuclear Reactors Fact Sheet
Fact Sheet: PLUTONIUM FUEL FACTORY
The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a nuclear industrial complex operated by the US Department of Energy (DOE). It covers 310 square miles and stretches into
parts of Aiken, Barnwell, and Allendale Counties; the Savannah River, which separates South Carolina from Georgia, borders it to the southwest.
For over two decades, the Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League has opposed the Plutonium Fuel Factory because it presents unsupportable risks to public safety and the
environment. We also expressed concerns regarding the cost of the facility.
View Plutonium Fuel Factory Fact Sheet
Fact Sheet: Hydrogen Sulfide
Hydrogen sulfide is one of the most common toxic air pollutants. In North Carolina alone about 12 million pounds of this toxic gas are released into the air annually. Hydrogen sulfide is recognizable by its distinctive rotten egg odor. Hydrogen sulfide, H2S, is
formed by the breakdown of organic materials and is typically found near agricultural locations, waste treatment plants and industrial sites.
View Hydrogen Sulfide Fact Sheet
EPA has proposed to significantly raise the allowable levels of radioactivity in drinking
water following nuclear accidents.
July 16, 2016: We oppose any weakening of drinking water standards for radioactivity. The Safe Drinking Water Act limits should be complied with. The Protective Action Guides should do what they are supposed to do: provide protective action guidance for authorities on how to treat contaminated water or provide alternative drinking water supplies.
Comment Deadline is July 25, 2016!
Please see Fact Sheet for details.
BREDL Fact Sheet
Updated Aug. 2016 BREDL Fact Sheet - Proposed Buckingham Compressor Station, Buckingham County, VA
May 2016: BREDL Unequal Protection Fact Sheet The Pipeline & Hazardous Materials Safety Administration’s Discriminatory Laws & Regulations
April 2016 BREDL Fact Sheet - Small Modular Reactors
Sept. 2015 BREDL Fact Sheet - Appalachian Materials, LLC Proposed Asphalt Plant in Glendale Springs, NC.
Jan. 2015 - US EPA Fails Communities with Coal Ash Recommendations: Fact Sheet
January 2015 Safeguard America's Resources Fact Sheets:
Atlantic Coast Pipeline
Fracking Lease Risks
Social Impacts of Gas Fracking
Liquefied Natural Gas Export Terminals+Pipelines+Fracking Equals MORE FRACKING PIPELINES!
Natural Gas Compressor Stations
Air Pollution, Explosions and Fires
Opportunities for Action Environmental Permits
What's All The Fuss About Fracking? - an update
LOCAL ORDINANCES: What North Carolina Counties Can Do to Protect Residents from Polluting Industries - North Carolina law grants authority to all counties the power to adopt ordinances under NC General Statute § 153A-121. This is also referred to as the counties’ police power. Recent legislation approved by the NC General Assembly alters but does not end this power.
BREDL Fact Sheet
Fracking in Western NC: BREDL Fact Sheet
Are our National Forests at risk?: BREDL Fact Sheet
March 2014: BREDL Fact Sheet: "Don't Dump Coal Ash on our Communities"
Jan. 2014: BREDL Fact Sheet - Nuclear Power $$$ - Higher electric rates for you, lower taxes and higher dividends for the power company
Toxic chemicals at Hyde Park - A Fact Sheet on Human Health Hazards
Oct. 2013: BREDL Fact Sheet - Split Estates and Property Rights - What You Don’t Know Can Hurt You
Sept. 2013: BREDL Fact Sheet - Duke Plans to Increase Toxic Air Pollution at Richmond County Turbines
April 2013: BREDL Fact Sheet - Penrose Biomass Technology proposed near Brevard, NC
BREDL Fact Sheet - North Star Jefferson biomass and tire burner proposed for Wadley, Georgia
August 2012: BREDL Fact sheet: How to discover who owns the mineral rights underneath your property
July 2012: BREDL fact sheet on bioremediation (landfarming)
May 2012: William S. Lee III Nuclear Station FACT SHEET - Clean Water Act NPDES Permit
View BREDL Fact Sheet
Jan. 2012: North Star Jefferson Renewable Energy BREDL Updated Fact Sheet: English | Spanish
So they want to mine and mill uranium in a
FEMA flood zone?
Download the BREDL
brochure: TOO MUCH RISK - So they want to mine and
mill uranium in a FEMA flood zone? Whats wrong with
Flooding creates risk!
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) gives many
clear warnings of the risk of radioactive contamination
brought by flooding in areas where uranium mill tailings
are being stored.
March 24, 2011: Fractures, Faults and Fission - Bellefonte is Not Suitable for Nuclear Reactors
Bellefonte Earthquake Fact Sheet
BREDL fact sheet on Proposed Biomass
Gasification Plant in Lithonia, GA
March 2011: BREDL
fact sheet on Green Energy Partners proposed biomass
8, 2011: A Charlotte company plans to build and operate a waste
incinerator at the proposed ReVenture Park in the Catawba River
District of Mecklenburg and Gaston counties. According to
ReVenture project developers, the incinerator could burn wood
scraps, garbage and sewage sludge in a 20 megawatt
waste-to-energy plant. BREDL Fact Sheet
December 2010: FLUORIDE: Keep it out of our water
June 2010: The Case Against Plasma Arc Waste
Incineration: The St. Lucie Geoplasma facility - View BREDL
Jan. 31, 2010: BREDL Factsheet: Pollution of the Air, Soil and Water by South Atlantic Galvanizing
Sept. 10, 2009: The MXI Environmental Services
ethanol plant in Abingdon plans to expand operations. DEQ's new
air permit if approved would allow huge increases in emissions of
volatile organic compounds (VOC). BREDL Factsheet: MXI's
Ethanol Plant Pollution
August 2009: Are Biosolids safe for our farmlands and food? BREDL Biosolids Factsheet
August 2009: BREDL Biomass Factsheet
July 2009: Since 1987 Plant Vogtle has generated
electric power. Today, two nuclear reactors operate at the site
on banks of the Savannah River in Burke County, Georgia. Now
Southern Company wants to add two more nuclear reactors. But the
two existing reactors have placed an unfair burden on residents.
More would be an environmental injustice. Heres why. BREDL Factsheet
April 2009: Fib-rowatt
Facts- It's time to tell the truth: BREDL Factsheet on Fibrowatt's
proposal to build three poultry waste incinerators in North
PERC Pollution at Peach Orchard
Road - Toxic soil, water and air are a health hazard
April 2009: Ten years ago the Georgia
Environmental Protection Division investigated the area near
Peach Orchard, Lumpkin and Old Savannah roads and found
widespread contamination. The pollutants they uncovered include
PCE, TCE and vinyl chloride. These are toxic chemicals. For
example, PCE, also known as perchloroethylene or PERC, can cause
liver damage, kidney damage and cancer. View BREDL Factsheet
Aug. 2008: The North Carolina Environmental Management Commission has
proposed a rule which would create a permanent exemption in the
states health-protective toxic air pollution limits. The
Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League believes that the NC EMC
has an obligation to protect the health of all our people by
removing the Combustion Source Exemption. Meeting the states
toxic air pollution limits at their property boundaries is not
too much to expect from North Carolinas electric utilities
and manufacturing industries. A public hearing will be held this
Fall. The time for us to organize is now. Contact BREDL for more
Aug. 2008: BREDL Factsheet - Incinerator Pollution -
Landfills in the sky
Montenay Charleston Resource Recovery, Inc. operates a mass burn
incinerator in Charleston, SC.
May 2008: BREDL Factsheet - Farmers,
Fertilizer & Fibrowatt
May 2008: BREDL Factsheet: Stop Incinerators
and Waste-to-Energy Burners
May 2008 Factsheet: New Nuclear Power Plants
in South Carolina? - Duke Energy has applied to the US
Nuclear Regulatory Commission for a license to build and operate
two nuclear plants on the Broad River near Gaffney, South
Carolina. The deadline for comments on
environmental impacts of a nuclear power plant on this
areas air, water, and public health is May 20, 2008.
March 2008: BREDL Brochure - "Neighbor-to-Neighbor:"
What Do You Think About Spreading Sewage Sludge on Farmland?
March 2008: BREDL Chapter Bellefonte Efficiency &
Sustainability Team (BEST) fact sheet:
to Bellefonte Nuclear Units, Yes to Energy Efficiency and
January 2008: National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility Factsheet - Why NBAF is a weapons lab.
October 2007: Proposed
Young & McQueen asphalt plant Factsheet - Young & McQueen are proposing an asphalt plant
near Spruce Pine in Mitchell County, NC.
On July 31, 2007 the US Department of Homeland
Security issued a Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental
Impact Statement for a National Bio and Agro-Defense Facility.
The NBAF would be a new defense research laboratory for
biological warfare agents. Five sites are being considered: 1)
Manhattan, Kansas, 2) Athens, Georgia, 3) San Antonio, Texas, 4)
Butner, North Carolina and 5) Flora, Mississippi. A possible
sixth site is also being considered on Plum Island, New York
where a federal facility has operated for decades. BREDL Factsheet
August 30, 2007: Is Nuclear Power Right
for Cherokee County? (Duke Power has selected a site in
Cherokee County, near Gaffney, SC)
July 30, 2007: ASPHALT PLANTS - CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN: An overview of 7 toxic substances released from asphalt processing facilities and their known effects on human health
July 17, 2007: FAQs about Sewer Sludge
July 11, 2007: (revised March 2008) Poultry power is dirtier than coal. Poultry Litter versus Coal-fired Power Plants: An
Air Pollution Comparison - The graph illustrates the negative
air pollution impacts of power plants powered by poultry litter
compared with boilers fired by coal.
May 2007: Plutonium Fuel Fabrication Facility Environmental and Human Health Impacts Factsheet
April 2006: The Safe
Energy Campaign Factsheet - On March 16, 2006 Duke
Power Co. and Southern Co. announced that they had picked
a site in South Carolina for a new nuclear power plant.
Also, the power companies announced plans to seek early
site permits for additional nuclear reactors at Oconee,
SC and at a new site near Winston-Salem, NC.
March 21, 2006: Fibrowatt Factsheet - Fibrowatt LLC is considering
locations in North Carolina for a 50 MW plant
that burns poultry litter. Burning poultry litter
creates unnecessary pollution and is inconsistent
with NC GreenPowers mission to promote
renewable energy while protecting the
March 16, 2006: Nuclear
Power Licensing Factsheet - One-Step Licensing of
Nuclear Plants Short-circuits Safety
Nov. 5, 2005: Toxic Air
Pollution Levels in Canton, NC from Blue Ridge Paper
October 2005: An Overview of Polluting
Industry Ordinances: The Wilkes County Model
Oct. 20, 2005: Analysis: Asphalt Plant versus Wood Stove Pollution
- Comparing Apples and Hedgehogs (a household wood stove
emits but a tiny fraction of the pollution emitted by an
May 2005: New
Nuclear Plant Sites on the Yadkin River, NC?
April 2005: Proposed
SW Virginia coal-fired power plant
Nov. 16, 2004: Renewable Energy
Factsheet: Total Cost-Benefit Accounting for Electric
Mar. 31, 2004: Strategic
Planning: What it is and Why it matters
Mar. 24, 2004: Three Mile
Island 25 years later, TMI facts - Three Mile Island VA?
Mar. 24, 2004: Nuclear
Waste transport to Nevada? - Don' t Bet the Farm on it
Feb. 27, 2004: North
Anna - New Nuclear Power Plants in Virginia?
Jan. 22, 2004: International
Jan. 12, 2004: Plutonium
Oct. 20, 2003: Hydrogen
Sulfide - The Human Health Effect of a Toxic Pollutant
Sept. 11, 2003: BREDL
Factsheet on Waste Industries USA, Inc. which has
operations throughout North Carolina and the Southeast.
Aug. 24, 2003: North Carolina Ridge Law Fact Sheet: NC
Ridge Law is no obstacle to wind power.
Aug. 22, 2003: North
Carolina Green Power Fact Sheet: NC Green Power Program -
Don't Buy It!
Nov. 12, 2002: Landfills
Fail factsheet: Solid Waste landfill technology: a
Nov. 12, 2002: Interstate Waste Commerce and the Law: When Commercial landfill companies enter,
Communities loose control.
Oct. 12, 2002: BREDL
factsheet on Savannah River Site
April 24, 2002: High-level Nuclear Waste
Transport Fact Sheets for North
Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
January 2002: Immobilization vs. Pu/MOX fuel
Nov. 20, 2001: PVC Fact Sheet